AFIB Medications: A Guide to the Different Options Available

Atrial fibrillation (AFib) is a type of arrhythmia or abnormal heart rhythm that can be treated with a variety of medications.

There are two types of medications used to treat AFib: Those that try to regulate heart rate and those that try to bring back normal sinus rhythm.[Source: National Library of Medicine]

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Medications used to control the heart rate include beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, and digitalis. [Source: National Library of Medicine]

These medications slow down the heart rate and reduce the risk of complications, such as stroke.

Medications used to restore normal sinus rhythm include flecainide, propafenone, sotalol, and dofetilide. [Source: National Library of Medicine]

These medications work by blocking the electrical signals that cause the atria to contract irregularly.

Blood thinning medications such as warfarin, dabigatran, rivaroxaban, apixaban, and edoxaban are used to prevent blood clots that can occur in AFib. [Source: National Library of Medicine]

Medications can be used alone or in combination to achieve optimal results, depending on the individual case.