Acid reflux is also known as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
Foods that are high in fat, salt, or spice can trigger heartburn and cause the esophageal sphincter to relax and delay the digestive process. [Source: Johns Hopkins Medicine]
Fried or fatty foods can cause acid reflux symptoms, as they relax the lower esophageal sphincter, allowing acid to flow back into the esophagus.[Source: Johns Hopkins Medicine]
Certain foods and drinks can trigger acid reflux symptoms, including spicy foods, citrus fruits, tomato-based products, chocolate, caffeine, and alcohol. [Source: Johns Hopkins Medicine]
High-fat products, such as fatty meats, bacon and sausage, and high-fat cheeses, can also trigger acid reflux symptoms. [Source: Johns Hopkins Medicine]
Chocolate contains both caffeine and cocoa, which can relax the lower esophageal sphincter and cause acid reflux, by exerting pressure on the stomach and esophagus.
Try to avoid eating foods late in the evening or closer to bedtime as it can cause acid reflux symptoms.
It is a good practice to eat small frequent meals instead of bigger, heavier meals and avoid late-night dinners and bedtime snacks.
Follow a healthy diet for managing acid reflux symptoms. Include a variety of nutrient-dense foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, and healthy fats.