Atrial fibrillation (AFib) is a type of irregular heartbeat that can cause symptoms such as heart palpitations, shortness of breath, and fatigue. AFib can sometimes be resolved naturally, but Persistent AFib is a type of AFib that does not go away on its own, requiring treatment to restore a normal heart rhythm. Persistent AFib can be managed with medication, medical procedures, or surgery, depending on both the severity and the underlying causes of the condition.
It is important for individuals with persistent AFib to work with their healthcare provider to develop a treatment plan and manage their condition. This may include lifestyle changes such as having a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and avoiding triggers such as alcohol and caffeine.
Atrial fibrillation (AFib) is a type of abnormal heart rhythm in which the atria (the upper chambers of the heart) beat irregularly and rapidly.
It can occur in two forms: paroxysmal and persistent.
Paroxysmal AFib is characterized by episodes of AFib that come and go. These episodes can last from a few minutes to a few days, and can be triggered by factors such as stress, caffeine, alcohol, or exercise. Paroxysmal AFib is often self-terminating, meaning that it can stop on its own without treatment.
Persistent AFib, on the other hand, is a continuous or sustained episode of AFib that lasts for more than seven days. It may require medical intervention to return the heart to a normal rhythm. Persistent AFib is more serious than paroxysmal AFib because it increases the risk of stroke and other complications.
In general, the treatment and management of paroxysmal and persistent AFib can be similar, but persistent AFib may require more aggressive treatment and a longer-term management plan.
There are several potential causes of persistent AFib, including:
Many people with AFib show no symptoms at all, making diagnosis challenging. As a result, most people with AFib don’t learn they have it until they go in for a checkup for something else.
However, those exhibiting any concerning symptoms should consult a medical professional for an official diagnosis. Either way, a doctor will inquire about the patient’s health background and prescribe various diagnostic procedures to this end.
Doctors can evaluate the progression of paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation if you’ve previously been diagnosed with it. Early stages of AFib can be diagnosed with an ECG, but more advanced or persistent AFib requires additional testing.
When you have persistent AFib, your heart rhythm is so severely abnormal that it cannot be restored without medical intervention. In addition, blood clots, which can cause cardiac arrest or a stroke, become more likely. The goal of treating persistent AFib is to reduce the likelihood of life-threatening blood clots and restore a regular heartbeat. Treatment for persistent AFib may include medication to control your heart rate, and blood thinners to prevent blood clots. In some cases, a procedure called cardioversion may be used to shock the heart and restore a normal rhythm. In more severe cases, surgery such as a maze procedure or ablation may be necessary to correct the underlying cause of the AFib.
Medication that may be used to treat persistent AF:
Catheter ablation is a surgical treatment that has shown promise in stabilising the heart rhythm in patients with chronic AFib. These procedures necessitate opening the chest to reach the hyperactive cardiac tissue. In addition to medicine or surgery, your doctor may suggest a change in your way of life to help with your condition.
These changes include:
It can be more challenging to treat persistent AFib if it is not detected for an extended period of time. Permanent AFib might develop if persistent AFib is not treated.
Accurate management and treatment of AFib is the best defence against its potential side effects. Talk to your doctor about your treatment choices if you have been diagnosed with persistent AFib.
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Persistent Atrial Fibrillation can be managed with therapy, but lifestyle adjustments are often helpful. You may be recommended to avoid or modify certain activities if they cause your heart rate to become abnormally fast or irregular.
People with persistent Atrial Fibrillation can lead normal, active lives with proper treatment and regular management. However, the longer persistent Afib goes untreated, the more difficult it becomes to manage.
If you experience persistent Atrial Fibrillation symptoms, you must see your doctor right away. Heart palpitations and difficulty breathing are examples of these symptoms.
The heart may be affected by high altitudes and extreme temperatures. You should also be worried about your ability to drive safely or compete in sports.
Follow your healthcare provider’s instructions to manage problems and treat symptoms of persistent Afib. Your provider can collaborate with you to create a personalised care plan to improve your health.
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