Get continuous ECG and real-time alerts for 20+ activities with the Frontier X2

Heart palpitations refer to a condition characterised by irregular heartbeats and fluttering or pounding of the heart, which can occur sporadically or frequently. Heart palpitations feel that the heart is beating too fast in comparison to its regular rate. They usually are harmless and often go away on their own. Most of the time, they are caused by stress and anxiety or because of excess caffeine, nicotine, or alcohol intake. 

Some of the possible causes of heart palpitations include:

  • Caffeine
  • Nicotine
  • Stress and anxiety
  • Hormonal changes
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Exercise
  • Fever
  • Anaemia
  • Dehydration
  • Blood loss
  • Pregnancy

Apart from above mentioned direct causes, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), or, the long-term and frequent occurrence of acid reflux, can also be one of the causes. 

Gastroesophageal Disease  

Gastroesophageal disease, or GERD, is a chronic disorder affecting the upper gastrointestinal tract. It occurs when stomach acid or bile seeps into the food pipe and irritates the lining. Acid reflux and heartburn more than twice a week are indicative of GERD. One of the common signs and symptoms is burning pain in the chest that usually occurs after eating and worsens when lying down. 

GERD and acid reflux are not the same things. GERD is a digestive system disease that involves chronic symptoms of acid reflux.

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease and Its Association With Heart Palpitation

GERD and heart palpitations are two conditions that cross paths in various clinical practices. According to a recent study (ref. link), people with GERD possess a high possibility of developing heart-related problems. Although the mechanism is yet unknown, there is some evidence through limited observational studies (ref. link) that report that acid reflux can be one of the heart palpitations causes. Acid reflux causes irritations to the oesophagal mucosa, which leads to inflammation, and plays an essential role in the mechanism pathway that would result in heart palpitations. Acid stimulation of the oesophagus increases vagal afferent traffic and plays a role in the onset of heart palpitations (ref. link), even in the absence of heart disease 

Risk Factors for GERD

GERD can be linked to the following risk factors:

  • Alcohol consumption
  • Tobacco use
  • Obesity
  • Diets rich in acidic foods, carbonated beverages, and spicy food

Treating GERD to Avoid Heart Palpitations

Managing your acid reflux symptoms requires a combination of appropriate medication and lifestyle changes. Following a holistic approach can control your GERD and symptoms and prevent the condition from snowballing into heart palpitations.

6 Simple Tips to Treat GERD

  • Take smaller meals

By eating smaller meals, your stomach will be partially full and hence, will produce far less stomach acid. This, in turn, reduces gastric pressure. A large meal size combined with a high-calorie intake is tacitly linked to increased oesophagal acid levels and abdominal distention in people with GERD. A very full stomach also puts pressure on the valve between your stomach and the lower oesophagal sphincter (LES) (ref. link).  This allows more gastric acid to flow from the stomach into the oesophagus. Take six small meals rather than the usual three meals a day.

  • Slow down the pace of your eating

When you eat, chemical messengers in the stomach (ref. linksignal the brain that food is there. When the stomach is full, the brain responds with sensations of fullness. However, those signals can take a few minutes to reach the brain. By eating quickly, you overeat and overfill the stomach before the messenger signals reach the brain. Eat slowly so that your brain can catch up with your stomach and tell you when it is full.

  • Maintain a sufficient gap between your meal and bedtime

Avoid late-night snacking if you have GERD. When you lie flat soon after eating, gravity forces the food inside your stomach closer to the LES (ref. link). If you overeat, the pressure against the LES increases even further. Avoid eating or drinking at least two hours before your bedtime. If you have severe GERD symptoms, stop four hours beforehand.

  • Avoid trigger foods

There are foods that can directly impact the lining of the oesophagus, such as spicy foods, citrus fruits, coffee, and juices. Alcohol not only increases the production of stomach acids but also relaxes the LES, allowing acid to seep into the oesophagus (ref. link). 

  • Use antacids and proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) wisely

Antacids and proton-pump inhibitors are medications taken to reduce stomach acidity. Antacids counteract the acid in your stomach and relieve acute heartburn. With that said, taking antacids whenever you have the slightest hint of acidity and heartburn can lead to more harm than good. The overuse of antacids (ref. link) can cause constipation, diarrhoea, change in stool colour, and stomach cramps. Certain antacids contain calcium and can cause kidney stones (ref. link).

In addition, antacids can interact with the activity of other drugs (ref. link), including HIV medications, NSAIDs, thyroid hormones, and blood thinners like Coumadin (warfarin). An antacid should be taken two to four hours before or after certain drugs to avoid interactions.

  • Relax

Stress does not directly “cause” GERD but can intensify the perception of symptoms. Stress leads to increased release of acid in the stomach, aggravating GERD. Avoid overthinking, take a few deep breaths, and relax, and you can ease the anxiety that often accompanies acute GERD episodes and experience a more rapid easing of symptoms.

At the same time, daily stress management activities like yoga, meditation and walking may serve as a “preventive” therapy by reducing stress levels daily. 

Bottom line

GERD is a common digestive disorder that causes the stomach contents, especially acid, to flow into the oesophagus. It can affect people of all ages and genders and can be rather complicated to treat. Unfortunately, GERD has the potential to trigger heart palpitations. Often, the factors that lead to GERD can contribute to the development of heart palpitations. If you experience fluttering and a racing heartbeat, contact your health provider as soon as possible. 

It is important to take charge of your health by living a healthy lifestyle, practising preventive medicine, following a nutrition plan, and regularly exercising. Understanding your symptoms and signs and being aware of health conditions helps you lead a healthy and happy life. 

One way you can be assured of your heart health is by using a heart monitoring device. Check out the Frontier X2 and its continuous ECG tracking feature which will help you monitor any possible heart palpitations.

Frequently Asked Questions on Acid Reflux :

Can acid reflux cause an irregular heart?

Although palpitations have many direct causes like gastroesophageal reflux disease (ref. link) (GERD), long-term and regular acid reflux is unlikely to be one of them.

Can GERD feel like heart palpitations?

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) or chronic acid reflux can often exhibit feelings of chest tightness or palpitations (ref. link). At times the burning sense fades and then continues, which can cause pain.

Can Stomach gas cause heart palpitations?

Acid reflux, also known as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), can trap air in your oesophagus, which can lead to anxiety, and then a short burst of heart palpitations.

How do you know if it’s heart or acid reflux?

Heartburn generally begins as burning in the top part of the stomach that drives up into the chest while a heart attack usually induces pressure, tightness, or pain in the chest that may proceed to the arms, neck, jaw, or back. 

How are heart palpitations treated?

You can follow some activities like:

  1. Add routine activities into your day like yoga, or meditation
  2. Deep breathing exercises
  3. Dodge activities that cause anxiety


Other Heart Health Topics To Explore:

Increased Heart rate | Heart Rate Monitor | Living with AFib | Atrial Fibrillation Heart Rate | Endurance Training | Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation | How to Improve Heart Health | Resting Heart Rate | Silent heart attack | Running Heart Rate

Frontier X2:

Smart Heart ECG Monitor in USA | ECG Machine Price in India | Best Heart Rate Monitor UK

It has been established (ref. link)that an elevated heart rate while being nauseous serves as a sign of motion sickness. However, there hasn’t been much research done on the connection between heart rate and how subjectively motion sickness is rated. If a rise in the heart rate is associated with motion sickness, it is thought to have autonomic roots. A straightforward measure of the heart rate can be one of the indicators of the modest variations in the level of motion sickness.

A number of digestive disorders can lead to nausea and vomiting. Vomiting brought on by stress or indigestion may also be accompanied by a racing heart. These symptoms may also be linked to emotional problems like anxiety disorders (ref. link) since these problems can occasionally result in nausea. 

Vomiting and nausea are common symptoms of many digestive system disorders (ref. link), such as food poisoning or gastroenteritis. There are many other causes of slow heart rate, such as heart rhythm problems or shock. 


When the many body systems that sense balance and position provide conflicting messages to the brain, it can lead to nausea (ref. link). Your feeling of balance and orientation to your environment is maintained by your brain using information from four sensory systems.

  • Your vision can dictate how you move and understand where you are relative to the rest of the world. This is an essential part of the balance system.
  • Using sensory nerves in your joints, your brain can maintain track of where your legs, arms, and torso are at all times. Your body can then make minor adjustments to your posture to maintain balance (proprioception).
  • Your body’s position and motion concerning gravity are revealed by your skin’s sensation of pressure.
  • The semicircular canals and the labyrinth, a region of the inner ear, contain specialised cells that can detect motion and changes in position. Injuries or conditions of the inner ear might cause erroneous signals to reach the brain. They can communicate to the brain that motion is being detected by the inner ear’s balancing system (labyrinth). Vertigo may develop if these incorrect signals clash with signals coming from the body’s other balance and positioning centres.

The list that follows can be used as a resource to learn more about these ailments, but it should not be used in place of a medical professional’s diagnosis. Your symptoms and indications may potentially be related to a wide range of other medical issues.

Panic Attacks (Panic Disorder)

A panic episode is an unprovoked, sudden feeling of anxiety (ref. link). Even while you are sleeping, these episodes might happen at any time. When having a panic attack, a person could think that they are going to die or have a heart attack. A panic attack causes a person to feel fear and horror that are out of proportion to the actual circumstance and may have nothing to do with what is happening around them. 

Racing heartbeat, lightheadedness, nausea, tingling or numbness in the hands and fingers, chills, and chest aches are among the symptoms that most people with panic attacks encounter. There are several ways to treat panic attacks that include abating breathing difficulties and the individual’s sense of being out of control.

Food Poisoning

Food poisoning is widespread, but it also poses a serious health risk. Food poisoning symptoms include fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, and stomach pain. Various factors can lead to food poisoning, including bacteria and toxins (from hazardous seafood or plants) (Staphylococcus aureus or Salmonella). The aetiology of food poisoning determines the course of treatment.

Paroxysmal Supraventricular Tachycardia (PSVT)

Aberrant conduction of electricity in certain parts of the heart is known as paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) (ref. link). Previously known as paroxysmal atrial tachycardia (PAT), the title is now only used to describe a specific type of heart ailment. Weakness, breathlessness, chest tightness, dizziness, and palpitations are all signs of PSVT. The heart’s normal electrical pattern is restored as part of the treatment for PSVT.


Anxiety is a state of unease that is accompanied by symptoms like imitative behaviour, migraines, and attention deficit disorder. Disorders of anxiety (ref. link) are major medical conditions. Pharmacological and psychological interventions are sometimes used to treat anxiety.

When to See a Doctor?

An excessively quick heartbeat (tachycardia) can result from a variety of factors . Make an appointment to see a doctor if you believe these issues arise.

  • Internal ear issues. Examples include Ménière’s illness, benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), vestibular neuritis, and labyrinthitis.
  • Damage to the head or ears.
  • Head pain from migraines. These are excruciating, incapacitating headaches that frequently come with dizziness, nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light, noise, and odour.
  • Less blood flowing through the arteries supplies blood to the brain’s base (vertebrobasilar insufficiency).
  • Allergies.
  • Illnesses such as the flu or colds. Home treatment of your flu and cold 
  • symptoms usually will relieve lightheadedness.
  • Vomiting, diarrhoea, fevers, and other illnesses that cause dehydration.
  • Very deep or rapid breathing (hyperventilation).
  • Anxiety and stress.

If you have chest pain or discomfort, shortness of breath, weakness, lightheadedness, dizziness, or near-fainting, get emergency medical attention. Many prescription and over-the-counter medications, including alcohol, can make you dizzy or cause nausea. These issues could result from the following:

  • Overdosing on a medication (overmedicating).
  • The drug interacts with alcohol. This issue frequently impacts.
  • Older persons may take multiple medications concurrently.
  • Misuse of prescription drugs or alcoholism.
  • Drug overdose or withdrawal’s effects.


It is extremely common for professional athletes to have heart rates in the upper 30s (ref. link). However, in this instance, the low heart rate is due to a strong, effective cardiac pump, but the root cause is not nausea.

But for the majority of people, a heart rate in the 30s is abnormal, especially if it makes them feel weak or faint. Your low blood pressure may also be caused by your sluggish heart rate. Seek quick medical help if you are having alarming symptoms or severe vomiting. Keep a record of your symptoms, and consult your doctor if you have any questions.

It is always better to keep a check on your heart rate to avoid any emergency in future. Now keep tabs on your heart rate and overall heart health using our Frontier X2 heart monitoring device.

Frequently Asked Questions on High Heart Rate

Can an upset stomach cause higher heart rate?

It is normal to have an increased heart rate while you are sick and in case of nausea. While sick, the brain usually signals the heart to pump the blood faster leading to an increase in heart rate (ref. link).

What is an unsafe heart rate? 

While at rest, a healthy heart rate should range between 60-100 beats per minute. Anything above 100 beats per minute, should be considered as critical and needs immediate medical attention (ref. link).

Can a high heart rate make your throw up?

 An irregular heartbeat may imply that there is not enough oxygen being supplied to the various parts of the body. The lack of blood can make one feel dizzy and nauseous resulting in throwing up.

Can heart palpitations make you vomit? 

Heart palpitations are often accompanied with nausea, vomiting, sweating and shortness of breath.


Other Heart Health Topics To Explore:

How To Improve Heart Health | Heart Arrhythmia |  Heart Palpitations Causes | AFib Risk Factors | Heart Attack Causes | Low Heart Rate | Atrial Fibrillation | Stress Test for Heart |  Endurance Training | Best Heart Rate Monitor

Frontier X2:

Smart Heart ECG Monitor in USA | ECG Machine Price in India | Best Heart Rate Monitor UK

When balancing your job, family, social obligations, and other commitments, it is understandable that you might overlook taking care of yourself. Understandable as it may be, you must schedule your time in a way that you have time for both – managing your health as well as your everyday work. 

You may find it exceedingly difficult to take care of yourself if you have a busy lifestyle. To ensure you live a long and healthy life, taking good care of yourself and your heart is vital. This article will explain how to care for your heart even if you lead a hectic lifestyle.

Tips to Be Healthy on a Hectic Schedule

1. Munch on Some Healthy Snacks While Working

Almonds or walnuts are heart-healthy, filling snacks that you can easily carry to work. They can be stored in a sealed bag for weeks before going bad, and don’t need to be refrigerated. A little planning goes a long way when sustaining heart health on a busy schedule.

Other heart-healthy snacks include the following for individuals who prefer variety:

  • Vegetables and hummus
  • Nuts and pumpkin seeds
  • Berries and chia seeds in plain, full-fat Greek yoghurt
  • Cheddar, feta, or aged gouda cheese
  • Wheat-based crackers

2. Avoid Eating Junk Food

There is nothing intrinsically wrong with eating while not counting calories, but some foods are superior to others. Choose nutrient-dense foods over ultra-processed, nutrient-depleted ones. Due to excessive preservatives, artificial additives, added sugar and sodium, etc., these foods barely resemble natural foods. Additionally, they frequently strip these meals of their fibre and nutritional value.

Although we should avoid processed foods, busy schedules can be a major factor here. It is one of the main reasons why people choose to eat processed food. Foods with a high level of processing are tasty and convenient. Office-goers generally consume them on the move for that reason.

While the convenience of certain processed foods is undeniable, there are other non-processed foods that are easy and quick to access. Foods that are not processed but make for a quick snack may not be the healthiest alternative, however, compared to highly processed foods, they are far better for your heart health.

List of ultra-processed foods you should avoid:

  • Soft drinks
  • Fried foods
  • Candy
  • American-style loaf bread
  • Flavoured chips

List of low-processed food you can have

  • 100% fruit juices
  • Whole food meal 
  • Granola bars 
  • Meats and fish
  • Unrefined coconut oil

3. Exercise

There is no question that sitting for long periods is detrimental to your heart and overall health (ref. link). Due to reduced blood flow to the lower limbs, there is a higher chance of blood clots , nerve pain, and vascular problems. It raises the risk of dementia, type 2 diabetes, and heart disease. If you dislike exercising on a stationary bike or treadmill because it seems tedious, you should keep in mind that an hour of functional physical exercise can go a long way. Additionally, once you’re done exercising, you might get a sense of fulfilment that will spur further motivation.

Casual physical activity for 30 minutes a day won’t undo the harm that sitting for seven or more hours a day does to the body and heart. You must work out for at least an hour to repair the daily harm. Engaging in physical training at least 5 days a week is key if you have a heavily sedentary lifestyle.

4. Practice Breathing

Elevated blood pressure could become a permanent part of your health state if you are stressed for an extended period. The prevention of numerous diseases depends on stress management. Unquestionably, making long-term adjustments to your diet and exercise routine will improve how your body responds to stress. However, when you’re in a hurry and are feeling overwhelmed, nothing works better than taking a few controlled, deep breaths.

Deep breathing switches the body’s sympathetic nervous system to the parasympathetic nervous system (ref. link). Both systems are automatic since they are a part of your autonomic nervous system. The sympathetic nervous system can result in sweating, shivering, freezing, stuttering, digestive distress, and other unfavourable side effects of stress. It also boosts blood pressure and pulse rate. This system kicks in when you’re “stressed.”

The body is “tricked” into believing that it is time to unwind, recoup, and digest by deep breathing. Your blood pressure decreases when the parasympathetic nervous system takes over, and the other adverse effects disappear. This typically provides you some time to process your stress and find a more effective approach to handle it.

5. Routine Body Check-up

The first step in preventing heart disease is understanding your health metrics. Your body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, fasting glucose, and cholesterol measurements are an excellent place to start. Schedule a yearly physical with your doctor. If you don’t have professional medical training, it might give you insights into how the body functions. Your doctor can compute your statistics and assess your risk for heart disease by looking at your family medical history and screening exams.


Better health and longevity can be attained by making small efforts toward a healthy lifestyle. Make wise decisions now to safeguard your future. Simply taking care of your heart is the key to having a healthy one. It’s never too late to make lifestyle adjustments that maintain heart health, and these heart healthy exercises can assist you.

Your heart is a muscular organ with cardiac muscles, and cardiovascular exercises help build a strong heart. Choose a regular physical activity that you enjoy, and that gets your body moving. Take part in heart-pumping physical activity, such as walking during lunch, using the stairs as opposed to the elevator, or working out for at least 30 minutes.

Finally, no matter how busy you are, keeping tabs on your heart health has never been easier due to the availability of revolutionary technology. Use the Frontier X2 heart monitoring device to ensure your heart is functioning perfectly all through your packed schedule.


How can I tell if my heart is healthy?

The common test for a healthy heart is the blood pressure. A normal, healthy blood pressure should be below 120/80 mm Hg. Having a normal blood pressure is a sign of a healthy heart (ref. link).

How can I take care of my heart myself?

Taking out time for a short walk, eating healthy meals and getting a good night’s sleep goes a long way in ensuring that the heart functions properly and remains healthy (ref. link).

What are the signs of a weak heart? 

You should pay serious attention to your heart health if you feel easily fatigued doing mundane activities, feel out of breath while doing physical activities, have a reduced ability to endure physical exercise, suffer from rapid or irregular heartbeats, or if you notice swelling in your feet, legs or ankles.

How can I give rest to my heart? 

It is important to relax the heart and there are simple ways to do it. 

  • Take a walk- if you do not engage in any form of physical exercise, a 10-minute walk is a good start. 
  • Eat fresh fruits and vegetables 
  • Take deep breaths during the day 
  • Have a hearty breakfast 
  • Replace fast food and snack nibbles with nuts and dry fruits 
  • Cut down on caffeine, soda, alcohol or other aerated drinks. 

What is the best exercise for the heart? 

All forms of physical exercise are good for the heart (ref. link) and help in improving the overall heart health in the long run. You can train using a combination of aerobic exercises  with strength training exercises for good heart health.


Other Heart Health Topics To Explore:

Arrhythmia Causes |  Heart Palpitations Causes | Heart Rate Zones | Low Heart Rate |  Heart Attack Symptoms | Atrial Fibrillation | Cardiovascular Disease | Heart Healthy Exercise | Best ECG Monitors | Aquatic Exercise for Heart Health

Frontier X2:

Smart Heart ECG Monitor in USA | ECG Machine Price in India | Best Heart Rate Monitor UK

Oxygen is vital to the human body for survival, and we depend on air (atmospheric oxygen) for breathing. But the air we inhale now consists of a combination of dust, pollen, mould, dirt, soil, and numerous other compounds that can lead to various diseases. The consequent ailments usually start with mild presentations that accumulate over time. These may result in intense manifestations, including an elevated risk of cardiovascular diseases.

The Ideal Composition of Air

Proportion of oxygen in ideal air best for health is approximately 21% (ref. link). The remaining part of the air comprises nitrogen, argon, and carbon dioxide. Nitrogen and argon are inert and hence redundant. Other constituents include volatile organic compounds from vegetation and natural events, such as volcanic eruptions or wildfires. The fusion of these components constitute the ideal composition of air for humans to stay healthy and devoid of diseases.

The Actual Air Quality

Currently, the air we breathe is not ideal for optimal health, with significant evidence of air pollution and global warming. Vehicles, manufacturing industries, and other human activities are the main sources of the emission of poisonous substances. Air pollution is one of the most pertinent global concerns right now. In 2019, about 12% of global deaths were attributed to household air pollution (ref. link).

A study demonstrated an increase in cardiovascular diseases from 0.5% to 1.5% (ref. link) for every boost in particulate matter as low as 5 micrograms per cubic metre. This particulate matter is invisible to the naked eye and results from chemical reactions between pollutants. For example, sulphur dioxide and carbon dioxide reactions are ejected from automobiles, the combustion of materials, and industrial processes. 

In 2021, the WHO released air quality guidelines (ref. link) recommending permissible concentration of pollutants. 

Why is Intoxication Through Air Highly Effective?

The absorption of harmful chemicals that enter our bodies through food or water depends on the barriers that it encounters while passing through the gastrointestinal tract. On the other hand, the air that we inhale directly meets internal structures within the lungs; along the inner surface of windpipes and finally alveoli where exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide occurs. Minimal obstacles enable the constituents, including pollutants, to enter the bloodstream.

Eventually, the blood passing through the lungs reaches every part of the body, affecting the organs. However, the heart can be the most affected (ref. link) as blood from the lungs reaches the heart before being pumped to other parts. This means to pollutants are at the highest concentration they will be at in the body, while in the heart. Mentioned below are a few ways in which the air quality can affect the heart:

  • Blood Pressure

Prolonged exposure to air polluted with carbon dioxide, ozone, carbon monoxide, and particulate matter increases systolic and diastolic blood pressure (ref. link). Many studies conclude positive correlation between pollution and high blood pressure. 

  • Mechanism

Oxidative stress is one of the predominant pathways underlying cardiovascular diseases due to air pollutants. Several epidemiological and controlled exposure studies have produced strong evidence that supports the finding. Let us know more about cardiovascular events resulting from poor air quality.

  • Disruption of Vascular Tone

The tone of blood vessels plays a crucial role in homeostasis, which refers to altering body functions in response to an undesirably dynamic environment or changes within the body itself. Some homeostatic responses need changes in blood vessel tone, especially arterioles. Pollutants in circulation disturb the endothelium, an interface between blood and blood vessels. This leads to the loss of endothelial response to dilators which increases the blood flow rate and reduces blood pressure. As a result, chronic cardiovascular diseases set in.

Another mechanism involves nitrogen monoxide (NO) scavenging activities of superoxide pollutants. Depleting NO and inhibiting NO-releasing vasodilators reduce vasodilation activity leading to elevated blood pressure. Many studies (ref. link) have demonstrated that individuals exposed to different types of air pollution  have higher levels of biomarkers of oxidative stress in their blood and in urine samples. 

  • Atherosclerosis

Endothelial dysfunction caused by the pollutants forms the basis for another condition called atherosclerosis. Loss of endothelial function and expression of adherent molecules attract circulating inflammatory cells to the vascular walls. Inhibition of NO promotes the oxidation of lipids in the blood, and the inflammatory cells retain the resulting product. 

The accumulation of the cells and oxidised lipids form plaques that grow into the lumen. It narrows the blood vessels and increases pressure. The plaques grow and may erode or rupture. The erosion leads to a blood clot and may occlude arteries, which can lead to cardiovascular events such as a stroke or heart attack.

  • Thrombosis

When you’re bleeding, the process of blood clotting is actually life saving. However, the body regulates it to prevent cardiovascular conditions caused by thrombotic obstruction of arteries. Many studies have shown pollutants to elevate activities of blood clotting factors that pose high risks for thrombosis.

  • Cardiac Remodelling

The heart supplies blood to its muscles via coronary arteries. The prolonged oxidative stress due to substandard air quality alters coronary circulation and weakens cardiac muscles. It ultimately renders the heart unable to deliver blood to meet the body’s needs. The substantial loss of cardiac function is called heart failure. The organ tries to compensate for the loss of function, But it reduces contractility and pressure on the coronary artery. A meta-analysis found an association between air pollution and the incidence of heart failure.

  • Myocardial Ischemia and Infarction

Conditions in coronary arteries, such as atherosclerosis and thrombosis, limit blood supply to cardiac muscles. It deprives a part of the heart muscles of oxygen, and the fibres die, which is called Myocardial Infarction (MI). Unlike cardiac remodelling, MI does not lead to heart failure shortly. Many studies have linked NO2 and PM25 exposure with risks of myocardial infarction.

Air quality has a significant influence on the heart. Respiration is an indispensable process, but is difficult to manipulate. Hence, improving the quality of ambient air and having low exposure to pollutants are the only options to safeguard your heart. Devices like air purifiers are plausible options, but only for small places like homes. 

No matter how polluted the air in your city, you can now use our revolutionary Frontier X2 heart monitoring device to make sure your heart stays healthy.

Frequently Asked Question:

What happens to the heart if we breathe in dirty air? 

Dirty or polluted air can cause various health related problems, especially in the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. Due to the added stress, the heart is required to work harder to pump enough blood and circulate oxygen throughout the body. The issues can be severe for people already suffering from underlying heart conditions.

Can air pollutants cause a heart attack? 

The presence of air pollutants can be damaging to the heart in more ways than one. The harmful pollutants can lead to heart diseases such as artery blockages which eventually lead to heart attacks. Further, due to oxygen deprivation there can be severe damage to the heart in the long run.

Can poor air quality cause heart palpitations? 

Air pollution and a bad air quality index directly impacts heart health. Study shows even a slight drop in the air quality can lead to increased cases of heart arrhythmias and palpitations.

How does fresh air help the heart? 

Fresh and clean air cleans the lungs and de-stresses the cardio and respiratory systems. It even helps in decreasing the heart rate.

Does air quality affect our blood pressure? 

A study has shown that poor air quality or air pollution leads to elevated blood pressure levels. People with other underlying medical conditions are more prone to be affected by high blood pressure owing to poor air quality.


Other Heart Health Topics To Explore:

Irregular Heartbeat | Low Carb Diet | Post Covid Fatigue | Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation | Heart Rate Monitor Device |  How To Improve Heart Health | Normal Resting Heart Rate |  Heart Rate Monitor

Frontier X2:

Smart Heart ECG Monitor in USA | ECG Machine Price in India | Best Heart Rate Monitor UK

Arrhythmias (ref. link) are associated with an irregular heartbeat (ref. link) that can lead to severe heart issues, even potentially becoming life-threatening. Heart arrhythmias include stroke, organ failure, complete heart failure, or cardiac arrest. 

So, how to know whether or not you are experiencing a high-grade arrhythmia and need urgent treatment? Read on to find out all about life-threatening Heart Arrhythmias in this detailed guide.

Types of arrhythmias that need immediate treatment

Heart Arrhythmias are of two types (ref. link): Tachycardia (the heart beats too fast, more than 100 beats per minute) and Bradycardia (the heart beats too slow, fewer than 60 beats per minute). Most arrhythmias are not lethal and can be treated with medication and simple lifestyle changes.

However, there are cases that are often fatal and require immediate treatment. Some of these are Asystole, prolonged pauses or long QT syndrome, and ventricular arrhythmias like ventricular fibrillation or ventricular tachycardia. Let’s understand some of these Heart Arrhythmias in detail.

  • Ventricular fibrillation 

Ventricular fibrillation or (V-fib) arrhythmia is a life-threatening condition. In this case, the patient’s ventricles start to quiver instead of pumping blood, causing the heart to collapse. Numerous factors can cause V-fib, such as poor blood flow, cardiomyopathy, damage to the heart muscle, aorta issues, and drug toxicity. Hence, it’s advisable to seek immediate medical attention at the earliest.

  • Ventricular tachycardia 

Ventricular tachycardia is a type of Heart Arrhythmia that affects the ventricles, causing the heart rate to become high and unstable. In this case, pressure in the heart increases as it pumps fast, causing the fluid to back up in the lungs. This weakens the heart muscle and causes cardiac arrest. Therefore, it’s best to seek a cardiologist when needing to treat ventricular tachycardia arrhythmias.

  • High-grade atrioventricular heart block (HAVB)

HAVB can result in Bradycardia when the electrical signal between the heart’s atria and the ventricles weakens. It makes the heartbeat inconsistent and often leads to a complete heart block. Therefore, patients with symptoms like shortness of breath, fatigue, or loss of consciousness must contact a doctor immediately.

  • Asystole

Lastly, Asystole (ref. link) (a failure of electrical and mechanical activity of the heart) is the most lethal form of Heart Arrhythmia that can occur when ventricular arrhythmias worsen. It’s better to contact your family physician if you experience even minor symptoms.

What are the symptoms of life-threatening arrhythmias?

No matter how fatal Heart Arrhythmias are, patients often ignore the symptoms as they might occur for a small amount of time. Therefore, it is important to always watch out for signs like:

  • A “fluttering” sensation or feeling of skipping a heartbeat 
  • A sudden racing heartbeat or extremely slow heartbeat 
  • Chest pain, discomfort, or sudden shortness of breath
  • Dizziness, fatigue, and abnormal pounding feeling in your chest.
  • Fainting and weakening of the heart muscle 

A doctor’s advice is necessary when experiencing these symptoms, as the signs might worsen over time. The patients may show unresponsiveness, lose consciousness, or have difficulty breathing. So, the earlier you can assess whether or not you are at risk of developing complications such as life-threatening Heart Arrhythmias, the better.

Risk factors that lead to high-grade arrhythmias

Consider the things mentioned in the list below to know whether or not you can experience arrhythmias. You are at risk if:

  • You have a history of heart attack
  • Suffer from high blood pressure
  • Have an overactive or underactive thyroid
  • Use alcohol, drugs, or tobacco products regularly
  • Have a stressful life and suffer from sleep apnea
  • Have diabetes or if you are born with a congenital heart defect

Ways to reduce the risk of life-threatening arrhythmias

Thankfully, there are several ways to reduce the risk of life-threatening arrhythmias. Some of them include avoiding alcohol, caffeine, and tobacco products, lessening excess use of Amphetamines, cold medicines, and cough suppressants, and taking medical advice while taking weight loss drugs, beta-blockers, or any psychotropic medications.

You can decrease the probability of severe conditions of arrhythmias by (ref. link)

  • Lowering levels of cholesterol and high blood pressure
  • Maintaining a heart-healthy diet and moderate BMI (body mass index)
  • Avoiding smoking and becoming physically active

Proper diagnosis of arrhythmias to start the recovery process is equally important too!

How doctors diagnose arrhythmias 

There are various ways through which a cardiologist detects irregular heart rhythms and checks how severe arrhythmias are:

  • Doctors detect the electrical activity of the heart with Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG).
  • A Holter monitor is a portable ECG device that doctors use to record a patient’s heart activity.
  • An event recorder is another wearable ECG device that detects sporadic arrhythmias. 
  • Doctors do Echocardiograms to check the heart’s size, structure and motion.

Treatment for life-threatening arrhythmias

Medication, medical therapy, and surgery are the three options for high-risk heart arrhythmias patients. Doctors decide whether to give drugs to control heart rhythm or opt for surgery. The best thing is all the treatments show positive results and help patients retain a healthy life.

Types of surgeries to treat
two life-threatening arrhythmias like Ventricular fibrillation or ventricular tachycardia include:

  • Catheter ablation– In this surgery, doctors use the electrodes at the tip of a catheter to create tiny scars in the patient’s heart to block the abnormal electrical signals and restore a normal heartbeat.
  • Pacemaker surgery– In case of slow heartbeats, doctors often place a pacemaker ( small device) near the patient’s collarbone to help keep the patient’s heartbeat at a steady rate when necessary.
  • Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) surgery- Like a pacemaker, an ICD is a battery-powered unit that sends energy shocks to reset the heart to a normal rhythm. Surgeons implant this device under the skin near the patient’s collarbone to monitor and restore their heart rhythm.
  • Maze surgery– In this procedure, doctors make a series of incisions in the heart’s upper half (atria) and create a maze of scar tissue that doesn’t conduct electricity. These scar tissues then interfere with abnormal electrical impulses that cause arrhythmias.

Lastly, Coronary bypass surgery is another option for high-grade arrhythmias patients that helps improve the heart’s blood flow and prevent arrhythmias.

Bottom line

An active lifestyle and a healthy and nutritious diet are the best ways to control the symptoms of low-grade arrhythmias. However, sports enthusiasts and fitness freaks can have Atrial fibrillation (AFIB) and notice symptoms during exercising, including heart palpitations, excess sweating, dizziness, and shortness of breath. These can develop into two life-threatening arrhythmias. So, it’s advisable to schedule regular appointments with a doctor if you have symptoms that can lead to arrhythmias

Finally, while it used to be difficult to catch arrhythmias during daily life, our revolutionary Frontier X2 heart monitoring device and it’s continuous ECG feature will keep you secure and never let you miss an event.


Frequently Asked Questions on Arrhythmia:

What arrhythmia causes most cardiac arrests? 

Ventricular Fibrillation, or V-fib, is the most common arrhythmia that leads to a cardiac arrest. During V-fib, there is a rapid heartbeat in the heart’s left ventricle which causes the heart to dysfunction. 

What triggers an arrhythmia? 

Any situation that makes the heart work harder to pump more blood, raising the blood pressure or making the body release stress hormones, can trigger an arrhythmia (ref. link). Such situations can arise if your blood sugar levels are too low or too high, in case of increased intake of caffeine, a sudden shock or surprise or dehydration. 

Can anxiety cause heart arrhythmia? 

Stress can cause some heart arrythmias (ref. link) such as atrial fibrillation or AFib. Suffering from anxiety can elevate the severeness of an atrial fibrillation arrhythmia. 

Which arrhythmia causes sudden death?

The most fatal of the heart arrhythmias can be Ventricular Fibrillation or V-fib. During a V-fib the heart stops pumping blood. If not treated within minutes, V-fib can cause instant death. 

What should you avoid if you have arrhythmia? 

A few food and lifestyle habits have been known to aggravate the heart arrhythmia (ref. link). One must avoid (ref. link) too much caffeine, alcohol, herbal supplements, food rich in sodium and foods containing tyramine such as soy sauce and parmesan cheese. Apart from this, overeating or eating large portions of meals can also contribute to the condition. 


Other Heart Health Topics To Explore:

Heart Rate While Running | Silent heart attack | Heart Attack Symptoms | Heart Palpitations Causes | Increased Heart Rate | Healthy Heart Tips | Running Heart Rate Zones | Heart Attack causes | Wearable ECG Monitor | Cardio Exercise

Frontier X2:

Smart Heart ECG Monitor in USA | ECG Machine Price in India | Best Heart Rate Monitor UK

Heart palpitations refer to fast or irregular heartbeats and pounding, throbbing, or fluttering sensations, around your throat, neck, or chest. In other words, palpitation is the term used to describe the sensation of being conscious of your heartbeat.

Palpitations (ref. link) can be as simple as being aware of your heart’s activity, or as intense as feeling like it is beating more quickly and forcefully than normal. It may occasionally feel as though your heart is skipping beats or fluttering.

Your heartbeat fluctuating is typically nothing significant. However, if you get palpitations or believe your heartbeat is abnormal, you should always visit your doctor.

How typical are palpitations of the heart?

According to one study (ref. link), 16% of patients who went to their primary care physician were there because they were experiencing palpitations. Heart palpitations are one of the most typical reasons people consult a cardiologist.

Causes of heart palpitations

Strong emotions, drugs, and lifestyle choices are just a few potential reasons for heart palpitations.

People can also occasionally experience palpitations if they are suffering from a health condition affecting their heart or other organs in their body. Some other reasons behind experiencing heart palpitations are:

1. Emotional or psychological triggers

Emotional or psychological triggers such as stress or anxiety cause heart palpitations. When experiencing intense or volatile emotions your heart beats faster due to the release of stress hormones like cortisol. Anxiety triggers the fight-or-flight reaction, which also raises the heart rate of the person. Even though heart palpitations are frightening, most of them are not harmful. After the anxiety-inducing circumstance or any other emotional triggers are passed, they disappear. 

Home Treatments for Heart Palpitations Caused by Emotional triggers:

  • Sit down and take slow, deep breaths as soon as you notice an abnormal or rapid heartbeat. 
  • Drink cold water since it is thought that the pressure from the oesophagus pressing against the heart will help the rhythm return to normal.
  • Meditating can help you lower your stress level.
  • Steer clear of things like spicy cuisine, high-fat foods, caffeinated beverages, etc. that cause an acid reflex.

2. Exercise

Exercise is beneficial and vital, but some people get heart palpitations when they work out. People frequently get palpitations while engaging in intensive exercise. Eat a small meal that is primarily composed of carbohydrates and protein two to three hours before your workout to prevent such a situation. Your body will be able to digest your food and use it as fuel for activity as a result.

Also, don’t limit yourself to drinking water only when working out. Stay hydrated by drinking water frequently throughout the day and keeping an eye on the colour of your urine as an indicaitor of dehydration.

3. Consumption of Nicotine

Many heart problems are caused as a result of smoking tobacco, using illegal drugs like cocaine, or using stimulants like Sudafed. Also, you consume nicotine when you smoke cigarettes. Nicotine has a range of effects on your body, but it mostly affects your cardiovascular system which results in increased heart rate, rising blood pressure, or narrowing of the arteries.  Additionally, nicotine results in your arterial walls’ hardening (ref. link). Your circulatory system and how your heart works are directly impacted by nicotine in ways that might ultimately result in a heart attack.

4. Medications

The following over-the-counter and prescription drugs are the reasons behind heart palpitations.

  • Asthmatic drugs
  • Drugs to lower blood pressure
  • Antihistamines
  • Drugs for fungal infections
  • Drugs for fungal infections 

Anyone using the medicine for recurrent heart palpitations should review the label’s list of potential adverse effects. Consult your doctor if you have any questions. Never alter the dosage of a drug or skip a dose without first consulting your doctor. Although heart palpitations might be a benign side effect, it is best to inquire about it if you feel it.

5. Hormonal changes

Hormonal changes due to menstruation, pregnancy, perimenopause, and menopause bring about heart palpitations. Women frequently experience heart palpitations during their periods or pregnancy. Your heart rate and the amount of blood flowing through your body rise throughout pregnancy in order to support your growing child. Heart palpitations are typical in pregnant women and are usually not dangerous. Essentially, hormonal heart rate variations are often transient and not a cause for concern.

6. Arrhythmias

Arrhythmias are deviations from the heart’s typical electrical impulse pattern that result in erratic heartbeats. While some arrhythmias are benign, others are not. These are dangerous and require proper medical treatment. Atrial fibrillation, which is one such example, can increase the risk of stroke, resulting in a rapid, and erratic heartbeat. These are some instances of arrhythmias:

  • Bradycardia: A slow heartbeat.
  • Tachycardia: A quick heartbeat.
  • Supraventricular tachycardia: An irregular heartbeat that might make you feel dizzy.
  • Ventricular tachycardia: A potentially dangerous condition that results in a rapid, regular heartbeat and is occasionally accompanied by lightheadedness or blackouts.

7. Issues With Heart Rhythm

Heart palpitations can be harmful depending on the underlying reason. Arrhythmias, a type of cardiac condition, are the root cause of some heart palpitations. While some arrhythmias are not harmful, others result in severe consequences. Here are some that do:

  • Mitral valves prolapse: This results in ineffective blood flow through the heart
  • Heart Failure: Heart failure occurs when the heart cannot pump blood efficiently, causing the heart chambers to enlarge.
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: A condition that causes the heart’s muscles and walls to expand.
  • Congenital heart disease: Heart defects that are evident from birth.

8. Additional medical issues

Apart from the above issues, heart palpitations may also result from the following conditions:

  • Hypoglycemia or Low blood sugar 
  • Anaemia
  • Reduced blood pressure
  • Thyroid storm 
  • Abnormalities in electrolytes

Knowing what causes heart palpitations helps you understand the severity of this issue. You should learn when to be concerned about visiting a doctor, as certain causes of heart palpitations are serious, and certain are not. Hence, noticing the heart palpitations symptoms beforehand is vital to avoid any unwanted issues.

When to consult a Doctor?

Generally, brief, occasional palpitations don’t require evaluation. However, even these palpitations could possibly cause harm and require medical attention. Consult your doctor if you have a history of heart disease and have frequent or worsening palpitations. You might require heart-monitoring tests to determine whether or not a more serious cardiac condition brings on the palpitations.

The reasons behind heart palpitations are purely physical and require immediate attention. Below are some symptoms people have when they experience heart palpitations.

  • Chest pain or discomfort
  • Dizziness
  • Severe shortness of breath
  • Severe vertigo

Normally, cardiac palpitations don’t require medical treatment until someone suffers from heart issues. In other cases, a medical professional might advise you to avoid the triggers that lead to palpitations. To sum up, if you experience heart palpitations, it’s best to consult a doctor to diagnose your problem accurately.

Finally, one way you can be assured of your heart health is by using a heart monitoring device. Check out the Frontier X2 and its continuous ECG tracking feature which will help you monitor any possible heart palpitations.

Frequently Asked Questions:

What actually happens during a heart palpitation? 

A heart palpitation is when there is an abnormal heart rhythm, also known as an arrhythmia. It can also be understood as a skipped or an extra heart beat. 

When should I be worried about heart palpitations? 

It is advised to get medical attention, if you are getting heart palpitations too often and are also feeling chest pains or dizziness along with it. 

Can heart palpitations happen for no reason? 

There are various causes for palpitations in the heart. It can be triggered by stress, anxiety, heavy intake of caffeine, alcohol and are even common in pregnancy. There is always a reason for heart palpitations and if the episodes are frequent then you must visit a doctor. 

What is the difference between heart palpitations and arrhythmia? 

The basic difference between the two is the duration. While a heart palpitation is short lived and does not last long, an arrhythmia lasts longer.

How long is too long for heart palpitations? 

Any heart palpitation that lasts for more than 30 seconds is considered a medical emergency. A longer lasting heart palpitation can be indicative of an underlying medical condition. 

Other Heart Health Topics To Explore:

Running Heart Rate | Acid Reflux | Afib Risk Factors | Healthy Heart Diet | Heart Arrhythmia | Endurance Training | Running Heart Rate Zones By Age | Low Heart Rate | Best ECG Monitors

Frontier X2:

Smart Heart ECG Monitor in USA | ECG Machine Price in India | Best Heart Rate Monitor UK

Knowing your heart rate zones before, during, and after exercise might help you become a better runner. A person’s heart rate rises when running and participating in other sports. The best heart rate zone for training will vary depending on an individual’s age, fitness level, current activity, and the presence or absence of medical issues.

Heart rate is a reliable indicator of how hard a person works during exercise. For instance, you should be able to raise your intensity while exercising when your heart rate is still relatively low. In contrast, your heart rate will be high when exerting yourself significantly. People may fully achieve their fitness or weight loss goals by monitoring their heart rates while exercising.

Is There an Ideal Heart Rate for Running?

A person’s heart rate is a good indicator of how much effort they make while exercising; a greater heart rate denotes a higher level of physical activity. People can improve their running by paying attention to their heart rate zones, whether exercising to get in shape, build stamina, or train for an event. Staying inside one’s target zones encourages one to push themselves. When pushing too hard, though, people should be cautious.

Running and other types of exercise require different heart rates of different people depending on the following:

  • Age
  • Current levels of activity
  • Overall health
  • Physical ailments
  • Gender
  • Genetics
  • Caffeine consumption

What are Heart Rate Zones?

The descriptions of each zone and possible applications are provided below. These do not apply if you exercise at a low heart rate.

  • Zone 1: Very Light (50%- 60%) of MHR

Zone 1 should only be used for warm-up, or recovery runs where a low intensity is desired. It’s great to run in this zone when we first start jogging to establish a base because it feels like you could keep going for hours. It’s an excellent strategy to increase stamina, enabling you to work out for several days without being overly tired.

  • Zone 2: Light (60% -70%) of MHR

Zone 2 should primarily be used for your easy and lengthy runs. These runs aren’t as simple as Zone 1, but you can still talk to people and shouldn’t feel entirely exhausted afterward. For many endurance athletes, this is the most challenging zone because they frequently think the speed is too sluggish, but it’s precisely what the body needs to develop endurance. Your marathon pace will probably begin in Zone 2 and transition into Zone 3 or Zone 4 by the finish line.

  • Zone 3: Moderate (70% – 80%) of MHR

This is your tempo run pace, meant to increase speed and strength. To maximize the benefit to your heart, Zone 3 runs should last 30 to 45 minutes. The rate is moderately fast, and you should only be able to speak minimally while running. Overtraining results from many runners doing their easy runs in this zone.

  • Zone 4: Intervals or Fartlek (80% – 90%) of MHR

Your body learns to run at its lactate threshold in Zone 4. This is a challenging effort that, depending on intensity, you could only sustain for up to a 5K or for mile repeats when you should be working on quick twitch muscles. Your body needs rapid energy, probably from carbs, during this endeavor.

  • Zone 5: 400 repeats or finishing a race (90%- 100%) of MHR

Zone 5 is your maximum effort, and each session should not exceed five minutes. This pace is appropriate for shorter speed exercises like 200- and 400-meter repeats and race finishes. You can get a decent breakdown of the zones above from this HR Zone Chart.

Normal Resting Heart Rate for Runners

As a runner, it’s crucial to know your resting heart rate and maximum heart rate while running. Below we outline the precise method of assessing your resting heart rate

  • The first measurement of the day, right after waking up and before getting out of bed, is the most accurate.
  • You can use your fingers and a timer to record your heart rate if your phone doesn’t have a built-in fingerprint sensor app.
  • Count the heartbeats over 15 seconds by using your first two index fingers to feel for your pulse on your wrist or in the carotid artery on your neck. Your resting heart rate can be calculated by multiplying the total number of heartbeats by 4.

The typical person’s heartbeat at rest is between 60 and 100 beats (ref. link) per minute (bpm). Seasoned runners and elite athletes can have heart rates as low as 40 bpm. Since their heart’s muscles are in top shape, they don’t have to exert as much energy pumping blood to the body. The average resting heart rate for marathon runners is between 45 and 65 (ref. link).

How Does a High Heart Rate Affect You?

Exceeding your maximum heart rate can result in a variety of health issues (ref. link), including:

Additionally, it won’t aid your running but will harm it. Your body won’t learn to burn fat for energy for extended periods if you train consistently at a high heart rate. It’s also vital to note that training at 75% (ref. link)of MHR or greater prevents your body from recovering or developing the lactic threshold system.

Calculating your ideal running heart rate and exercising within this range will help you achieve your fitness or weight loss goals. The appropriate heart rate for running varies according to a person’s age, level of fitness at the time, and other factors. Since temperature and humidity can affect heart rate, tracking heart rate while jogging may benefit endurance training and training under various weather conditions. 

People should generally exercise with a heart rate between 50% and 85% of their maximum heart rate. People might utilize various formulas to determine their maximal heart rate. Additionally, numerous heart rate monitors can track a person’s heart rate while exercising.

Monitoring your heart rate in real-time can help you understand your heart better; you can buy the Frontier X2 from our website and take charge of your heart health.

Frequently Asked Questions on Running Heart Rate Zones :

What Are the Five Heart Rate Zones?

The five heart rate zones are below:

  • Zone 1: 50 percent to 60 percent of MHR.
  • Zone 2: 60 percent to 70 percent of MHR.
  • Zone 3: 70 percent to 80 percent of MHR.
  • Zone 4: 80 percent to 90 percent of MHR.
  • Zone 5: 90 percent to 100 percent of MHR.

Is it OK to run in Zone 4?

Heart rate zone 4 is challenging; breathing becomes hard and working aerobically. Training yourself at this intensity helps in improving your speed endurance.

Should I avoid zone 3?

Training in Zone 3 for tempo workouts is a prominent way to develop your capacity to run at a specific pace.

How long should I train in heart rate zones?

A typical one-hour session is good to go with a minimum of 10 minutes of warming up.

Do your heart rate zones change as you get fitter?

As you evolve fitter, your heart rate actually gets better.


Other Heart Health Topics To Explore:

Heart Rate While Running | Mental Stress | Low Carb Diet | Heart Palpitation After Eating |  Increased Heart rate | Healthy Heart Tips | Arrhythmia Causes | Exercise for Healthy Heart | Heart Attack Causes | Best Heart Rate Monitor

Frontier X2:

Smart Heart ECG Monitor in USA | ECG Machine Price in India | Best Heart Rate Monitor UK

Heart rate is the rate at which your heart beats per minute and is calculated by assessing the number of contractions the heart produces in that time. Most healthy adults have a heart rate that lies within the range of 60 to 100 heartbeats per minute. Dehydration, lack of body movement, poor dietary choices, doses of stimulants, insomnia, and psychological stress can be classified as threats to the heart rate.

How to Measure Your Heart Rate?

Gently press your index and middle fingers to the underside of your other wrist, exactly underneath your thumb. You will experience a steady beating of your pulse. Now go ahead and count the number of beats in a minute. Repeat to cross-check your measurement.

For greater accuracy, checking your pulse right after you wake up helps avoid the effect of external factors on your resting heart rate.

10 Ways to Lower Your Heart Rate


Regular exercise is an easy and effective way to maintain a good heart rate. A Meta-Analysis conducted in 2018 shows that training your body to exercise daily lowers your resting heart rate. Although any body movement that gets you moving should do the trick, paramedics recommend yoga and endurance training as the most effective.

Exercising enhances your muscles’ ability to utilize the oxygen in your blood, reducing the need for your heart to pump excessive blood to your muscles. Additionally, it helps to reduce the release of stress hormones that put additional strain on the heart.

Stay Hydrated

A dehydrated body works harder than usual to maintain a steady blood flow in the system. A study conducted in 2017 discovered that drinking 335 milliliters of water per day could significantly lower your heart rate for 30 minutes. Besides water, consuming a fair amount of low-fat milk products, fruits, and vegetables throughout the day lowers your heart rate.

A well-hydrated body pumps blood more efficiently, reducing the stress applied to your muscles. This ensures that the heart is not under pressure to compensate for the shortage of healthy circulation.

Limit Stimulants

Stimulants are suspected of playing an active role in dehydration, which adds to your heart’s workload. Evidence proves that increased intake of caffeine results in dehydration. Coffee also directly affects the oversupply of Epinephrine – commonly called adrenaline – which mildly paces up the heart rate.

Follow a Balanced Diet

Maintaining a nutritious diet improves the heart rate and enhances its functioning. Fruits, vegetables, foods rich in lean proteins, and whole grains all lower the heart rate immensely. Nutritious supplements ample in antioxidants and healthy fats apply less strain on the heart.

Omega-3 fatty acids, polyphenols, tannins, vitamin A, dietary fiber, and vitamin C are nutrients that keep the heart rate under control. A study in 2021 reports that the intake of antioxidant alpha-lipoic acid efficiently reduces blood pressure. As blood pressure directly affects the heart rate, it controls the strain on the heart and reduces the heart rate.

Limit Sodium Intake

High sodium intake makes your blood vessels stiff and narrow, forcing your heart to pump blood that much faster. Consequently, the heart is under pressure to deliver and circulate blood to your entire body.

Avoid eating processed food items, meats, frozen dinners, hot dogs, and canned vegetables that contain excess salt. Start paying attention to the sodium content on the labels.

Get Enough Sleep

Insufficient sleep contributes to stress experienced by your whole body, including your heart. A study uncovered that straying from your pre-set bedtimes can increase your resting heart rate.

The inactivity of your eyes in sleep stabilizes breathing, slows the heart rate, and shows a drop in blood pressure. This time off is a break for your body to recover from the strain in the daytime. Deprivation of this much-needed Non-Rapid Eye Movement can lead to a severe chronic lack of sleep. It increases the resting heart rate and is a threat to your health.

Resolve Stress

Work stress, worry about a loved one, or financial setbacks can all play a role in causing the body to work harder just to maintain a healthy rhythm. Your brain triggers a release of adrenaline in a stressful situation. Adrenaline results in rapid breathing, higher heart rate, and increased blood pressure. This forces your body into a “flight or fight” response.

Stressful situations cannot always be taken care of independently. Mental health concerns such as grief, loss, and traumatic experiences keep people from coping with their day-to-day responsibilities. Neglecting these psychological concerns puts the body in constant stress and agitation.

Anxiety, a psychological illness, triggers the reaction of the autonomic nervous system. Unease in a situation causes your heart rate to experience a sudden rise. Furthermore, stress can also impair the body’s ability to heal and slow down the heart’s ability to recover from minor trauma.

Go Outdoors

A visual shift in the environment can improve your heart rate. A 2018 study states that, for city dwellers, detaching from their everyday surroundings can effectively lower their heart rate by eliminating the constant reminders of factors that trigger psychological stress. Take a trip to a peaceful park or breathing space. Your brain registers the change in the surroundings and responds to it positively. Here’s how.

Exposure to fresh air boosts oxygen levels in the brain. This increases the release of serotonin — known as the “happy” chemical — in your body and uplifts your mood.

Relaxation Techniques

Relaxation techniques include meditation, massage, yoga, aromatherapy, music, and art therapy. These positively affect your stress levels and lower your heart rate. Research is in progress to determine whether heart rates are as affected by the practice of mind relaxation techniques as they are by psychological well-being.

Heart rate is prone to be affected by numerous factors, including a poor diet, psychological roadblocks, and physical health issues. It must be your priority to get your heart rate under control before it elevates to heart disease. Now is the best time to incorporate a healthy lifestyle and maintain a steady heart rate.

Finally, as you take the steps to lower your heart rate, monitoring it and other metrics can really help you take charge of your cardiac health. Buy the Frontier X2, a revolutionary heart monitoring device, and change your heart health forever!


Frequently Asked Questions on Lower Heart Rate :

How can I quickly lower my heart rate?

Expanding your aortic pressure will lower your heart rate, try closing your mouth and nose and raise the pressure in your chest like you’re stifling a sneeze. Now breathe in for 5-8 seconds, hold that breath for 3-5 seconds, then exhale slowly. Repeat this process multiple times, however, if you ever feel palpitations, it is always advised to consult a doctor.

Should I go to the ER if my heart rate is over 100?

Yes, a heartbeat that’s faster than 100, also called tachycardia, and one must visit a doctor.

Is a heart rate of 110 OK?

The normal range of your heart rate should be between 60 to 100 beats per minute when you’re not active. Anything above and below this range is a reason for concern and should immediately consult a doctor.

What is the high heart rate for a woman?

A heart rate above 100 beats per minute at rest may mean a dangerous health condition.

What causes the heart rate to go up?

The heart rate may increase due to several reasons such as stress, exercise, or even too much alcohol or caffeine.

Other Heart Health Topics To Explore:

How to Improve Heart Health | Low Carb Diet | Normal Resting Heart Rate |  Best Heart Rate Monitor | Irregular Heartbeat | Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation | Post Covid Fatigue | Endurance Training | Silent Heart Attack

Frontier X2:

Smart Heart ECG Monitor in USA | ECG Machine Price in India | Best Heart Rate Monitor UK

Heart attacks occur when there is a restriction or blockage of blood flow to the heart (ref. link). This blockage of blood flow can usually be traced back to the accumulation of fats, cholesterol, and other substances in the coronary arteries. These fatty and cholesterol-consisting deposits are medically termed “Plaques.” The continuous process of plaque accumulation is known as Atherosclerosis.

Plaques are prone to undergo eventual rupturing or clotting of blood that hinders your blood flow and circulation. The presence of plaque causes the heart to be Deprived (ref. link) of a steady bloodstream, which can injure or destroy a part of your heart muscle (ref. link). 

Two Primary Types of Heart Attacks

People should be aware of two primary types of heart attacks.

  • Type I

In a type 1 heart attack (ref. link), the inner wall plaque ruptures and releases heavy amounts of cholesterol and other toxic substances into the bloodstream. This overload of fats and cholesterol can form a blood clot that can block an artery. This type of heart attack is called a STEMI, the signs of which are given below:

  • Nausea
  • Shortness of breath
  • Anxiety
  • Dizziness
  • Breaking out in a cold sweat at random
  • Type II

Heart attacks resulting from an inadequate supply of oxygen in the blood fall under this category. A complete blockage of arteries may not occur in this type of heart attack.

Top Symptoms of Heart Attack

In some cases, going into sudden cardiac arrest is the first sign of a heart attack. Although some heart attacks occur with no warning signs, experts state that the majority of people report (ref. link) initial signs hours, days, and even weeks in advance. Here are some early signs of a heart attack (ref. link).

  • Pain in the Chest
    Several people who’ve experienced heart attacks report (ref. link) uneasiness and pain in the center or left portion of the chest. It is estimated to last for several minutes or may be recurrent. This discomfort may be described as an uncomfortable build-up of pressure, a squeezing sensation, or an overwhelming fullness in your chest.
  • Weakness
    You may break into a cold sweat without any physical exertion. You may feel frequent light-headedness where you lose your balance or grip. You could even black out and faint on the spot.
  • Discomfort
    You may experience sharp pain in body parts such as the jaw, neck, or back. Also, you are likely to experience discomfort in your arms or shoulders.
  • Out of Breath
    Another common symptom of a heart attack is shortness of breath. This symptom is sometimes accompanied by discomfort in the chest.

Sex-Specific Symptoms

Some heart attack symptoms can be more common among women than men, and vice-versa. For instance, Women may experience atypical symptoms involving abrupt bursts of prickly pain in the neck, arm, or back area because they have smaller hearts and arteries. This explanation is used loosely to justify why women may show symptoms diverging from men, but it is not a one-size-fits-all approach.

In women, chest pain is the most common heart attack symptom. These are the symptoms women tend to experience more than men do.

  • Breathlessness
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • The back and the jaw as the primary pain areas
  • Dizziness
  • Severe levels of fatigue

High levels of the hormone estrogen are present in women. This chemical reduces the risk of a heart attack. Therefore, women are at greater risk after they hit menopause.

Heart Attack Symptoms Specific to Diabetic People

Diabetic people are more prone to develop heart disease (ref. link). This is due to how diabetes is linked to blood pressure, which is linked to heart attacks. People with diabetes have other conditions that increase the risk of heart problems. High blood pressure is one of the most common medical conditions that people with diabetes experience. High blood pressure can increase the force of blood flow (ref. link) through your arteries, causing damage to the artery walls (ref. link).

Diabetic (ref. link) people are diagnosed with heart conditions earlier than those without diabetes. Adults diagnosed with diabetes face twice the risk (ref. link) of developing heart disease as compared to adults without diabetes. Possible signs of a heart attack in a diabetic person:

  • Chest pain
  • Breathlessness
  • Passing out or nearly fainting
  • Agitating fluttering in the chest
  • Unexplainable rapid heartbeats
  • Slowed heart rate
  • Dizziness
  • Numb or weak legs
  • Pain in the neck, back, jaw, upper abdomen, and throat
  • Extreme Tiredness
  • Vomiting

Heart Symptoms Specific to Children

Although rare, the prevalence of heart attacks in younger groups is certainly possible. Their risks are elevated if they have a history of acquired or congenital heart disease.

The unfortunate occurrence of a heart attack in children is known as Myocardial Infarction. The signs of a heart attack in children are as follows:

  • Fatigue
  • Absence of an appetite
  • Paleness
  • Dyspnea
  • Tachypnea
  • Tachycardia
  • Hypotension
  • Weakened pulse
  • Irregular heart rhythm

Signs of a heart attack in newborn infants include feeding problems, disinterest in the surroundings, irritability, diarrhea, sweating, nausea, pale skin, tachypnea, and dyspnea.

What to Do Next?

Call an ambulance immediately if you or someone around you experiences these symptoms. The person must chew or swallow an aspirin, and intake nitroglycerin if it is prescribed. CPR should be performed if he/she is unconscious. If an automated external defibrillator is available and the person is unconscious, follow the instruction manual and use it. 

Bottom Line

The risk factors for heart attack differ for each person; some might have one or more risk factors than others. Several non-fatal medical conditions like diabetes can play an active role in developing heart attacks over time. Heart attack symptoms vary from person to person, but the degree of seriousness should never be downplayed. 

Being vigilant about your heart health is a good idea for everyone, irrespective of age. You can buy the Frontier X2 from our website and take charge of your heart health through continuous ECG monitoring. Take charge of your heart health by using the Frontier X2 heart monitoring device and it’s revolutionary continuous ECG feature.

Frequently Asked Questions on Symptoms of Heart Attack :

What are the pre-heart attack symptoms?

The common heart attack symptoms include chest pain that may feel like pressure, tightness, pain, squeezing, or aching.

What is the fastest way to check for a heart attack?

Using an Electrocardiogram can help in suspecting heart attacks and should be done within 10 minutes of being admitted to the hospital. 

What are the symptoms of a heart attack?

  • Chest pain or discomfort
  • Feeling weak 
  • Fainting
  • Pain or discomfort in the jaw, neck, or back.
  • Pain or discomfort in one or both arms or shoulders.
  • Shortness of breath.

Will a heart attack wake you up?

Yes, both panic attacks and heart attacks can wake you from sleep

Can a heart attack go away?

A heart attack may or may not go away depending on the intensity of it, you should consult a doctor if you face any heart attack symptoms.


Other Heart Health Topics To Explore:

Healthy Heart Diet | Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation | Heart Palpitation Causes | Running Heart Rate Zones | Low Heart Rate | Best ECG Monitors. | AFib Risk Factors| | Acid Reflux | Increased Heart Rate

Frontier X2:

Smart Heart ECG Monitor in USA | ECG Machine Price in India | Best Heart Rate Monitor UK

At What Stage is a Low Heart Rate Bad For You

People are more in tune with their minute-to-minute heart rate than ever due to the rise of fitness tracking devices and smartwatches. Now that you’re able to constantly track it, you may have noticed slower-than-usual heart rates on occasion. This isn’t bad, and having a slow heart rate doesn’t mean you’re unhealthy. In some cases, an abnormally slow heart rate, medically known as Bradycardia, can indicate a healthy lifestyle.

Adults’ normal resting heart rate ranges from 60 to 100 beats per minute. However, if you have Bradycardia’, your heart beats fewer than 60 times a minute. A slow heart rate may or may not indicate better health and fitness, and we will go over the signs that indicate when a low heart rate is healthy and when it isn’t.

What is a Low Heart Rate?

Heart rates of 60 beats per minute (bpm) or below are considered low by medical professionals. Even when awake and active, people with Bradycardia have heart rates significantly lower than 60 beats per minute.

Symptoms of Low Heart Rate

It’s important to note that some people with Bradycardia have no other symptoms save a sluggish heart rhythm. Symptoms of Bradycardia in other people may include:

Exhaustion and weakness
Confusion and shortness of breath
Chest Pain
Cardiac arrest
Facial and head trauma

If your doctor suspects a problem with your heart rate, they can recommend a few straightforward tests to determine the cause. Electrocardiograms (ECGs) and echocardiograms (ultrasound of the heart) are examples of these tests.

Common Reasons for a Slow Heart Rate

The rate at which your heart beats varies naturally depending on your bodily needs and the activities you engage in. Causes of Bradycardia that are not harmful but can lead to low heart rate include:

  • Sleep
    When we are asleep or otherwise at rest, our heart rate decreases. In a horizontal position, the heart does not have to pump as hard to overcome the effects of gravity while delivering blood to the body’s various organs and tissues. Since our bodies don’t require as much energy while we sleep, our heart eventually rests.
  • Physical Fitness
    Regular cardiovascular exercise makes the heart stronger, and a heart that’s in better shape can do its job of pumping blood more effectively. A lower resting heart rate is typical for those who have been regularly engaging in physical exercise, which is a sign that their hearts are becoming more efficient.

Serious Conditions That Cause Low Heart Rate

People with preexisting heart issues, or those over 65, are more likely to experience Bradycardia due to their medical condition. The following are some conditions that may lead to Bradycardia:

  • Sick Sinus Syndrome
    Sinus node dysfunction (SND), also known as sick sinus syndrome, is a disease characterized by abnormal impulse firing rates emanating from the sinus node. A person’s heart rate may increase, decrease, or fluctuate due to SND.
  • Heart Electrical Pathways
    Our hearts beat thanks to a specialized electrical circuit. The signal can get distorted when there is a problem with the conduction system. An irregular heartbeat is what doctors refer to as an arrhythmia.
  • Metabolic Abnormalities
    The proper pumping of the heart depends on a balance of electrolytes and hormones. A slow heart rate can result from several medical issues, including hypothyroidism and potassium deficiency.
  • Oxygen Deprivation
    In the medical profession, hypoxia describes a state in which tissue oxygen levels are too low to function normally. Medical emergencies such as choking or a severe asthma attack can lead to hypoxia. It can also be caused by long-term health issues such as chronic obstructive lung disease.

When to See a Doctor?

You should see a doctor soon if you have any moderate symptoms. You should immediately get medical attention if you feel symptoms such as dizziness, chest pain, or difficulty breathing.

Aging can make you feel like you’re just going to have to accept things like fatigue, concentration difficulties, and increased respiratory effort. Tell your doctor about all symptoms you’re experiencing. Do not hesitate to let them know if you are seeing a marked increase in your rate of fatigue compared to previous months or years.

  • Diagnosis
    Your doctor may recommend a 24-hour heart rate monitor if you’ve experienced Bradycardia. Your doctor will inquire about your current symptoms and past medical history.
  • Treatment
    If your doctor diagnoses you with Bradycardia, they will develop a treatment strategy depending on the underlying cause. For instance, if hypothyroidism (low thyroid function) is to blame, the problem with the patient’s heart rate can be resolved by treating the causal condition.

If your doctor is unable to assess the cause using your input and the tests, they may alter your cardiac medication. To calm your heart muscle, your doctor may recommend a beta-blocker. If its use causes an abnormally slow heart rate, your doctor may reduce your dosage or switch to a different medication.

If these methods fail and your illness is severe enough to cause injury to your other organs, you may require a pacemaker. If your doctor has fitted you with a pacemaker, paying attention to their instructions for using the device and recognizing when it’s not functioning correctly is essential.


If you have a low heart rate, your doctor would most likely ask about your daily routine and perform a physical check. However, a low heart rate is not always a cause for alarm. The presence of Bradycardia is sometimes indicative of general health and fitness.

Monitoring your heart rate in real-time can help you understand your heart better. Take charge of your cardiac health by buying the revolutionary Frontier X2 heart monitoring device.

Frequently Asked Questions on Low Heart Rate :

How low can your heart rate go before it’s a problem?

What is deemed too slow can depend on your age and physical condition. For example, elderly people are more prone to Bradycardia, while adults have a resting heart rate of fewer than 60 beats per minute (BPM).

Is a heart rate of 40 dangerously low?

Many people typically have a resting heart rate between 40 and 60 beats a minute during sleep.

Is a resting pulse of 45 good?

A “normal” RHR falls between 60 and 100 beats per minute. An RHR under 60 can imply that you’re more physically fit and may be associated with adequate heart function.

Can Bradycardia cause a stroke?

Yes, Bradycardia may be associated with ischemic stroke, which is a stroke that blocks blood vessels in the brain.

Can a low heart rate be fatal?

A slow heartbeat may indicate that inadequate blood is being pumped to supply the heart’s needs. This can cause fatigue that is serious enough to sometimes cause cardiac arrest and death.

Other Heart Health Topics To Explore:

Healthy Heart Exercise | Arrhythmia Symptoms | Acid Reflux | Heart Rate Zones | Heart Palpitations After Eating |  Heart Attack Symptoms | Atrial Fibrillation Treatment | Cardiovascular Disease | Heart Rate Monitor Device| Best Heart Rate Monitor.

Frontier X2:

Smart Heart ECG Monitor in USA | ECG Machine Price in India | Best Heart Rate Monitor UK