Heart attacks occur when there is a restriction or blockage of blood flow to the heart (ref. link). This blockage of blood flow can usually be traced back to the accumulation of fats, cholesterol, and other substances in the coronary arteries. These fatty and cholesterol-consisting deposits are medically termed “Plaques.” The continuous process of plaque accumulation is known as Atherosclerosis.
Plaques are prone to undergo eventual rupturing or clotting of blood that hinders your blood flow and circulation. The presence of plaque causes the heart to be Deprived (ref. link) of a steady bloodstream, which can injure or destroy a part of your heart muscle (ref. link).
People should be aware of two primary types of heart attacks.
In a type 1 heart attack (ref. link), the inner wall plaque ruptures and releases heavy amounts of cholesterol and other toxic substances into the bloodstream. This overload of fats and cholesterol can form a blood clot that can block an artery. This type of heart attack is called a STEMI, the signs of which are given below:
Heart attacks resulting from an inadequate supply of oxygen in the blood fall under this category. A complete blockage of arteries may not occur in this type of heart attack.
In some cases, going into sudden cardiac arrest is the first sign of a heart attack. Although some heart attacks occur with no warning signs, experts state that the majority of people report (ref. link) initial signs hours, days, and even weeks in advance. Here are some early signs of a heart attack (ref. link).
Some heart attack symptoms can be more common among women than men, and vice-versa. For instance, Women may experience atypical symptoms involving abrupt bursts of prickly pain in the neck, arm, or back area because they have smaller hearts and arteries. This explanation is used loosely to justify why women may show symptoms diverging from men, but it is not a one-size-fits-all approach.
In women, chest pain is the most common heart attack symptom. These are the symptoms women tend to experience more than men do.
High levels of the hormone estrogen are present in women. This chemical reduces the risk of a heart attack. Therefore, women are at greater risk after they hit menopause.
Diabetic people are more prone to develop heart disease (ref. link). This is due to how diabetes is linked to blood pressure, which is linked to heart attacks. People with diabetes have other conditions that increase the risk of heart problems. High blood pressure is one of the most common medical conditions that people with diabetes experience. High blood pressure can increase the force of blood flow (ref. link) through your arteries, causing damage to the artery walls (ref. link).
Diabetic (ref. link) people are diagnosed with heart conditions earlier than those without diabetes. Adults diagnosed with diabetes face twice the risk (ref. link) of developing heart disease as compared to adults without diabetes. Possible signs of a heart attack in a diabetic person:
Although rare, the prevalence of heart attacks in younger groups is certainly possible. Their risks are elevated if they have a history of acquired or congenital heart disease.
The unfortunate occurrence of a heart attack in children is known as Myocardial Infarction. The signs of a heart attack in children are as follows:
Signs of a heart attack in newborn infants include feeding problems, disinterest in the surroundings, irritability, diarrhea, sweating, nausea, pale skin, tachypnea, and dyspnea.
Call an ambulance immediately if you or someone around you experiences these symptoms. The person must chew or swallow an aspirin, and intake nitroglycerin if it is prescribed. CPR should be performed if he/she is unconscious. If an automated external defibrillator is available and the person is unconscious, follow the instruction manual and use it.
The risk factors for heart attack differ for each person; some might have one or more risk factors than others. Several non-fatal medical conditions like diabetes can play an active role in developing heart attacks over time. Heart attack symptoms vary from person to person, but the degree of seriousness should never be downplayed.
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The common heart attack symptoms include chest pain that may feel like pressure, tightness, pain, squeezing, or aching.
Using an Electrocardiogram can help in suspecting heart attacks and should be done within 10 minutes of being admitted to the hospital.
Yes, both panic attacks and heart attacks can wake you from sleep
A heart attack may or may not go away depending on the intensity of it, you should consult a doctor if you face any heart attack symptoms.
Other Heart Health Topics To Explore:
Healthy Heart Diet | Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation | Heart Palpitation Causes | Running Heart Rate Zones | Low Heart Rate | Best ECG Monitors. | AFib Risk Factors| | Acid Reflux | Increased Heart Rate