Knowing your heart rate zones before, during, and after exercise might help you become a better runner. A person’s heart rate rises when running and participating in other sports. The best heart rate zone for training will vary depending on an individual’s age, fitness level, current activity, and the presence or absence of medical issues.
Heart rate is a reliable indicator of how hard a person works during exercise. For instance, you should be able to raise your intensity while exercising when your heart rate is still relatively low. In contrast, your heart rate will be high when exerting yourself significantly. People may fully achieve their fitness or weight loss goals by monitoring their heart rates while exercising.
A person’s heart rate is a good indicator of how much effort they make while exercising; a greater heart rate denotes a higher level of physical activity. People can improve their running by paying attention to their heart rate zones, whether exercising to get in shape, build stamina, or train for an event. Staying inside one’s target zones encourages one to push themselves. When pushing too hard, though, people should be cautious.
Running and other types of exercise require different heart rates of different people depending on the following:
The descriptions of each zone and possible applications are provided below. These do not apply if you exercise at a low heart rate.
Zone 1 (ref. link) should only be used for warm-up, or recovery runs where a low intensity is desired. It’s great to run in this zone when we first start jogging to establish a base because it feels like you could keep going for hours. It’s an excellent strategy to increase stamina, enabling you to work out for several days without being overly tired.
Zone 2 (ref. link) should primarily be used for your easy and lengthy runs. These runs aren’t as simple as Zone 1, but you can still talk to people and shouldn’t feel entirely exhausted afterward. For many endurance athletes, this is the most challenging zone because they frequently think the speed is too sluggish, but it’s precisely what the body needs to develop endurance. Your marathon pace will probably begin in Zone 2 and transition into Zone 3 or Zone 4 by the finish line.
This is your tempo run pace, meant to increase speed and strength. To maximize the benefit to your heart, Zone 3 (ref. link) runs should last 30 to 45 minutes. The rate is moderately fast, and you should only be able to speak minimally while running. Overtraining results from many runners doing their easy runs in this zone.
Your body learns to run at its lactate threshold in Zone 4 (ref. link). This is a challenging effort that, depending on intensity, you could only sustain for up to a 5K or for mile repeats when you should be working on quick twitch muscles. Your body needs rapid energy, probably from carbs, during this endeavor.
Zone 5 (ref. link) is your maximal effort, and each session should not exceed five minutes. This pace is appropriate for shorter speed exercises like 200- and 400-meter repeats and race finishes. You can get a decent breakdown of the zones above from this HR Zone Chart.
As a runner, it’s crucial to know your resting heart rate and maximum heart rate while running. Below we outline the precise method of assessing your resting heart rate.
The typical person’s heartbeat at rest is between 60 and 100 beats (ref. link) per minute (bpm). Seasoned runners and elite athletes can have heart rates as low as 40 bpm. Since their heart’s muscles are in top shape, they don’t have to exert as much energy pumping blood to the body. The average resting heart rate for marathon runners is between 45 and 65 (ref. link).
Exceeding your maximum heart rate (ref. link) can result in a variety of health issues, including:
Additionally, it won’t aid your running but will harm it. Your body won’t learn to burn fat for energy for extended periods if you train consistently at a high heart rate. It’s also vital to note that training at 75% (ref. link) of MHR or greater prevents your body from recovering or developing the lactic threshold system.
Calculating your ideal running heart rate and exercising within this range will help you achieve your fitness or weight loss goals. The appropriate heart rate for running varies according to a person’s age, level of fitness at the time, and other factors. Since temperature and humidity can affect heart rate, tracking heart rate while jogging may benefit endurance training and training under various weather conditions.
People should generally exercise with a heart rate between 50% and 85% of their maximum heart rate. People might utilize various formulas to determine their maximal heart rate. Additionally, numerous heart rate monitors (ref. link) can track a person’s heart rate while exercising.
Monitoring your heart rate in real-time can help you understand your heart better; you can buy the Frontier X2 from our website and take charge of your heart health.
The five heart rate zones are below:
Heart rate zone 4 is challenging; breathing becomes hard and working aerobically. Training yourself at this intensity helps in improving your speed endurance.
Training in Zone 3 for tempo workouts is a prominent way to develop your capacity to run at a specific pace;
A typical one-hour session is good to go with a minimum of 10 minutes of warming up.
As you evolve fitter, your heart rate actually gets better.